Difference Between Rajdhani and Shatabdi Express Trains

comparing rajdhani and shatabdi

In the realm of Indian railway transportation, discerning the distinctions between the Rajdhani and Shatabdi Express trains is essential for passengers prioritizing safety and comfort.

The Rajdhani Express, known for its long-haul connectivity, links India’s capital, New Delhi, with other major cities, ensuring safe overnight travel with its well-equipped sleeping quarters.

On the other hand, the Shatabdi Express caters to those requiring expedited day-time travel between urban centers, providing reserved seating and secure on-board services, including meals.

This introduction will offer a comparative analysis of these two prestigious train services, examining their respective operational ranges, travel durations, frequency, amenities, speed, and overall suitability for different travel needs within the secure bounds of Indian Railways.

Key Takeaways

  • Rajdhani Express connects New Delhi with other important capital cities of states, while Shatabdi Express covers shorter routes.
  • Rajdhani Express has a maximum speed of 140 km/hr, while Shatabdi Express can run at a peak speed of 155 km/hr.
  • Rajdhani Express covers a maximum distance of 3149 km, whereas Shatabdi Express covers a maximum distance of 708 km.
  • Rajdhani Express provides facilities such as AC coaches, Wi-Fi, and food, while Shatabdi Express offers amenities like AC coaches, bottled water, and meals.

Service Purpose

While Rajdhani Express trains are designed for overnight journeys connecting major cities with the national capital, Shatabdi Express trains focus on shorter, daytime travel between metropolitan areas. Indian Railways has strategically developed these fully air-conditioned trains to cater to distinct travel needs.

As some of the fastest trains in India, each serves its service purpose with precision—Rajdhani facilitating secure overnight connectivity and Shatabdi ensuring efficient inter-city commutes.

Distance Covered

Regarding the distance covered by each service:

  • Rajdhani Express: The Rajdhani Express is equipped with LHB (Linke Hofmann Busch) coaches which provide air-conditioned berths. Passengers can enjoy facilities such as Wi-Fi connectivity and complimentary meals during their journey. The train covers a maximum distance of 3149 km.
  • Shatabdi Express: Shatabdi Express trains feature AC coaches with comfortable chair car seating. Passengers are provided with amenities like bottled water and meals. The train covers a maximum distance of 708 km (Habibganj Shatabdi Express).
Rajdhani and Shatabdi Express Trains

Travel Duration

The travel duration of Rajdhani Express trains typically exceeds 8 hours due to their long-distance routes. Indian Railways prioritizes safety and efficiency, with both trains engineered to reach their maximum speed, ensuring swift transit while connecting various cities to New Delhi.

On the other hand, Shatabdi Express services are designed to complete their journeys within the same day, often under 8 hours, to accommodate the shorter distances they cover.

Stops and Frequency

Rajdhani Express trains typically have fewer stops compared to Shatabdi Express trains, which halt at more stations to serve passengers undertaking shorter journeys.


  • Rajdhani: Strategically limited to ensure swift transit between metro cities and the capital.
  • Shatabdi: More frequent, facilitating connectivity within the Indian railway network for daily commuters.


  • Rajdhani: Schedules prioritize overnight journeys; passengers can book tickets for these highest priority trains less frequently.
  • Shatabdi: Operates daily, catering to regular inter-city travel demands.

Amenities and Services

Difference Between Rajdhani and Shatabdi Express Trains
Source: Quora.com

One of the key aspects to consider when comparing the Rajdhani and Shatabdi Express trains is the range of coaches and facilities available to passengers. Both trains offer a variety of amenities to ensure a comfortable and enjoyable journey

Ticket Prices

How do ticket prices for Rajdhani Express trains compare to those of Shatabdi Express, considering the differences in amenities and travel duration?


  • Higher ticket prices due to premium amenities for longer, overnight journeys from major cities to Delhi.


  • Lower ticket prices reflecting the focus on speed and shorter travel duration within India’s metropolitan areas.


Both Rajdhani and Shatabdi Express trains are known for their impressive speed, reaching a maximum speed of about 150 km/hr. The high speed of these trains allows for faster and more efficient travel, reducing the overall travel time. Passengers who are looking for a quick and convenient mode of transportation often choose Rajdhani and Shatabdi Express trains for their fast speeds.

These trains are designed to provide a comfortable and luxurious experience for passengers while maintaining a high level of speed and efficiency. With their maximum speeds of 150 km/hr, Rajdhani and Shatabdi Express trains are a popular choice among travellers seeking a swift and enjoyable journey.


Transitioning from their speed characteristics, the Rajdhani and Shatabdi Express trains also differ markedly in their coaching configurations to accommodate the differing travel needs of passengers.

Rajdhani Express:

  • Primarily features AC First Class, AC 2 Tier, and AC 3 Tier coaches.
  • Prioritizes overnight comfort akin to the vision of India’s first Prime Minister for premier travel.

Shatabdi Express:

  • Comprises mainly AC Chair Car coaches.
  • Caters to daytime travel efficiency.


The suitability of Rajdhani and Shatabdi Express trains is determined by the specific travel needs and preferences of passengers. Each service offers distinct advantages for different types of journeys.

Rajdhani trains cater to passengers embarking on longer, overnight trips. On the other hand, Shatabdi trains are optimal for travelers seeking efficient, safe, and economic transit during daytime intercity connections.

Frequently Asked Questions

Is Rajdhani Express a Super Fast Train?

Yes, the Rajdhani Express epitomizes swiftness on rails, standing as a super-fast train that prioritizes punctuality and safety, offering an expedited transit to the heart of India’s vast geographical expanse.

Which Shatabdi Express Is Best?

The best Shatabdi Express is subjective; however, the New Delhi Habibganj Shatabdi Express is renowned for its speed, punctuality, and onboard services, ensuring a secure and efficient journey for safety-conscious passengers. It covers the maximum distance of 708 kms.

Which Is Best Train in India?

Determining the best train in India requires evaluating factors such as punctuality, amenities, comfort, and safety. The Rajdhani and Shatabdi are premier trains renowned for their high standards in these criteria. However, nowadays, these trains are over shadowed by Vande Bharat Express.


In conclusion, Rajdhani and Shatabdi Express trains are two feathers in the cap of Indian Railways, each serving a distinct purpose.

Rajdhani Express caters to long-distance, overnight travelers, offering a comfortable journey with sleeping arrangements.

On the other hand, Shatabdi Express specializes in short-distance, day-long inter-city connections, prioritizing speed and punctuality.

These trains have become emblematic of India’s commitment to modernizing travel, each playing a pivotal role in the nation’s vast transportation network.

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